Infections that affect the reproductive tract, which is part of the Reproductive System. For females, reproductive tract infections can affect the upper reproductive tract (fallopian tubes, ovary, and uterus) and the lower reproductive tract (vagina, cervix, and vulva); for males, these infections affect the penis, testicles, urethra or the vas deferens. The three types of reproductive tract infections are endogenous infections, iatrogenic infections, and the more commonly known sexually transmitted infections. Each has its own specific causes and symptoms, caused by a bacterium, virus, fungus, or other organisms. Some infections are easily treatable and can be cured, some are more difficult, and some are noncurable such as AIDS and herpes.
Examples of congenital abnormalities of the reproductive system include:
- Kallmann syndrome – Genetic disorder causing decreased functioning of the sex hormone-producing glands caused by a deficiency or both testes from the scrotum.
- Androgen insensitivity syndrome – A genetic disorder causing people who are genetically male (i.e. XY chromosome pair) to develop sexually as a female due to an inability to utilize androgen.
- Intersexuality – A person who has genitalia and/or other sexual traits that are not clearly male or female.