Guava is a common tropical fruit cultivated in many tropical and subtropical regions. Psidium guajava (common guava, lemon guava) is a small tree in the myrtle family (Myrtaceae), native to Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean and northern South America.
The common types include apple guava, pineapple guava, strawberry guava, lemon guava, Mexican cream, red Malaysian, and red apple guava.
Let’s now look at some of the benefits of guava.
1 – Relief from cough. The anti-cough and antimicrobial activities of guava leaf extract, states that it is helpful in providing relief from cough.
2 – Reduces menstrual cramps. Research shows that guava leaf extract is likely to reduce the intensity of menstrual cramps.
3 – Antioxidant properties. Guavas are a rich source of vitamin C, which helps to boost immunity. The polysaccharides in guavas can help reduce the free radical activity and help in slowing down oxidative stress in the body.
4 – May help prevent cancer. Red guava extracts are rich in lycopene. This compound helps to lower the risk of breast cancer. Guava leaves have the potential to fight prostate cancer as well.
5 – Skin care. Guavas can improve the health of skin and help avoid skin problems. This is due to the plenty of astringents in the fruit and its leaves. The leaf extracts of this fruit have antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties, which help in treating acne.
6 – Weight loss. It is high in fiber, low in calories, has no cholesterol and contains a small number of carbohydrates. This combination makes a filling snack that satisfies the appetite easily.
7 – Stomach health. Guava is one of the richest sources of dietary fiber amongst fruits, and its seeds serve as excellent laxatives. The astringent qualities add substance to loose bowels and reduce the symptoms of diarrhea.
8 – Protect heart health. Having guava after removing its peel helps lower LDL or bad cholesterol levels and helps in increasing HDL or good cholesterol levels.
9 – Helps blood sugar levels. Guava extracts have been found to help in preventing the rise in blood glucose levels. Also foods and supplements containing guava extracts can have the potential to avert insulin resistance.
There are no known adverse effects of having guava and its supplements. However, medicines with a huge concentration of guava extracts may not be suitable for pregnant or breastfeeding women. Consult your doctor before taking.