Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) is a plant species in the family Cucurbitaceae, a vine-like flowering plant originally domesticated in West Africa. It is a highly cultivated fruit worldwide, having more than 1000 varieties.

Some health benefits of watermelon are:

  • Gives relief from kidney disorders. Watermelon contains a lot of potassium which is thought to be helpful in flushing out toxins from the kidneys. They are known to reduce the concentration of uric acid in the blood, thereby reducing the chances of kidney damage and the formation of renal calculi. The antioxidants ensure good health of the kidneys for a long time and reduce signs of premature aging like wrinkles and age spots on the skin. 

Note – Exercise caution in consuming watermelon if you already have kidney disease, as the high water and potassium content may do more harm than good.

  • Relief from impotence. Arginine, present in watermelon, is thought to be beneficial in curing erectile dysfunction.
  • Prevent dehydration. Watermelon is made up of 92 percent water and can be effective in reducing both body temperature and blood pressure. It also helps hydrate the body during hot summer. The high amount of water also stimulates a release of excess liquid in the form of sweat, which cools the body during hot summer days.
  • Prevents macular degeneration.Thanks to the beta-carotene, vitamin C, lutein, and zeaxanthin, your eyes are better protected from age related blindness, drying up of eyes and optic nerves and glaucoma. 
  • Regulate blood pressure. The amount of potassium and magnesium along with carotenoids present in watermelons is very beneficial in terms of lowering blood pressure.
  • Helps with diabetes. In spite of being sweet in taste, a thick wedge will give very few calories, as most of its total weight is composed of water and roughage. The vitamins and minerals such as potassium and magnesium help in the proper functioning of insulin in the body, thus lowering the blood sugar level. Arginine, another component that is very effective at enhancing the impact of insulin on blood sugar.
  • Anticancer properties. Watermelon helps lower insulin/IGF, which is often a major factor that worsens cancer. Lycopene found in watermelon is a carotenoid phytonutrient compound that is increasingly being linked to cancer prevention.

Side effects of over eating watermelon. 

  • Intestinal disturbances like nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, bloating and gas.
  • Cardiovascular problems.
  • Allergic reactions like rashes or facial swelling. 

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