A mushroom or toadstool is a fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body of a fungus, typically produced above ground, on soil, or on its food source. They vary in their color, shape, texture and properties. There are approximately 140,000 species of mushroom-forming fungi in the world. 


Some popular edible mushroom include:

-White button mushrooms

-Portobello mushrooms 

-Cremini mushrooms 

-Shiitake mushrooms 

-Maitake mushrooms 

-Oyster mushrooms



Health benefits of mushroom are as follows:

-Antioxidants. Mushrooms have significant antioxidant properties due to their bioactive compounds, such as vitamins, carotenoids, minerals, polyphenols, and polysaccharides. Mushrooms have an unusually high amount of two important antioxidants, glutathione and ergothioneine. Also, mushrooms are one of the richest plant-sources of selenium, a vital antioxidant, but the content depends on the soil in which they are cultivated.

-Help lower cholesterol. In general, mushrooms are cholesterol free, but they are also a good source of chitin and beta-glucan, which are fibers that lower cholesterol.

-High in B and D vitamins. Mushrooms are one of the few food sources for vitamin D, a fat-soluble vitamin that our bodies can make with exposure to sunlight. Button mushrooms and criminis in particular are high in vitamin D, but criminis are high in another key vitamin, too: vitamin B12.

-Anti-inflammatory. Mushrooms contain a powerful antioxidant called ergothioneine, which helps lower inflammation throughout the body.

-Anti-cancer properties. A main type of fiber in mushrooms is the polysaccharide, beta-glucan. This is a soluble fiber that is associated with anti-cancer and immune-boosting properties. Shitake and oyster mushrooms contain the highest concentration of beta-glucans.

-Helps treat anemia. The iron in mushrooms, especially reishi mushrooms can help prevent anemia symptoms.

-Bone health. Mushrooms contain calcium which helps to strengthen bones which will delay or prevent conditions like osteoporosis.


Side effects.

Most species are not edible as they are highly poisonous and look very similar to their edible counterparts.

-Some varieties contain psilocybin and psilocin, substances that can cause hallucinations.

-Many species can even be fatal if ingested.

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